The human papillomavirus (HPV)
Cervical cancer is caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is spread by genital-skin to genital-skin contact.
A vaccine has been created that protects against the HPV types that cause 70% of cervical cancer. Women should continue to have regular Pap tests, even after the HPV vaccine.
The vaccine also provides some protection against other less common cancers that can affect both men and/or women, including penile, vaginal, vulval and anal cancers. The vaccine also protects against up to 90% of genital warts in men and women.
For more information see the HPV and cervical cancer information sheet.